এ মন আমার হারিয়ে গেছে সপ্তসুরের সাথে
চিরদিনই থাকবে না কেউ জীবন চলার পথে
গানই আমার জীবনসাথী গানই আমার সাধনা …
If u would have it so,
I will end my singing
If it sets ur heart aflutter
I will take away my eyes from ur face.
If it suddenly startles u in ur walk
I will step aside and take another path.
If it confuses u in ur flower-weaving
I will shun ur lonely garden.
If it makes the water wanton and wild
I will not row my boat by ur bank.
যদি বারণ কর তবে গাৢহিব না
যদি শরম লাগে মুখে চাহিব না ….
Bochhor Ghure Elo
Bondhu Fire Cholo
Notun Bochhorer simanay
koto Kotha chhilo
kichhu muchhe gelo
kichhu kotha bhsese gelo nirobotay
kichhu sur vese thake
kichhu mukh pichhu dake
chhuye jay chhobigulo dhusorotay
neel pahar daake “aye”
monkharap hete jay
dhulo-makha sondhyer rastay
hasituku vese thak
swopnora vule jak
bondhu bhulona amay
bochhor ghure elo
bondhu fire cholo
notun bochhorer thikanay….
In #Bengali, Poila stands for ‘first’ and #Boishakh is first month of the Bengali calendar. Bengali New Year is referred to in Bengali as “New Year” (Bengali: #নববর্ষ Noboborsho) or “First of Boishakh” (Bengali: পহেলা বৈশাখ Pôhela Boishakh). Nobo means new and Borsho means year.
The Bengali calendar is loosely tied with the Hindu Vedic solar calendar, based on the Surya Siddhanta. As with many other variants of the Hindu solar calendar, the Bengali calendar commences in mid-April of the Gregorian year. The first day of the Bengali year therefore coincides with the mid-April new year in Mithila, Assam, Burma, Cambodia, Kerala, Manipur, Nepal, Odisha, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu and Thailand.
Origin of Bongabdo or Bangla Year is debated with primarily two hypothesis but historicity of none could be proved till date.
The development of the Bengali calendar is often attributed to king of Gour or Gauda, Shashanka as the starting date falls squarely within his reign.
Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, the renowned grandson of Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, the 3rd Mughal Emperor, introduced the Bengali Calendar. For relatively easier tax collection, Akbar changed the practice of agricultural tax collection according to the Hijri calendar. He ordered an improvement because the Hijri calendar, being lunar, did not agree with the harvest sessions and eventually the farmers faced severe difficulties in paying taxes out of season.
The regal astrologer of Emperor Akbar’s reign, Aamir Fatehullah Siraji, developed this calendar, after researching the lunar Hijri and solar calendars. The distinctive characteristic of the Bengali year was that, rather than being a lunar calendar, it was based on a union of the solar and lunar year. This was essentially a great promotion, as the solar and lunar years were formulated in very diverse systems.
Primarily this calendar was named as “Fasli San” and then Bongabdo or Bangla Year was launched on 10/11 March 1584, but was dated from 5 November 1556 or 963 Hijri. This was the day that Akbar defeated Himu in the clash of Panipat 2 to ascend the throne.
Akbar-e-Azam’s ordered to resolve all dues on the last day of Choitro. The next day was the first day of the New Year (Bengali New Year), the day for a new opening; landlords used to allocate sweets among their tenants, and businessmen would commence a “Halkhata” (new financial records book) and lock their old ones. Vendors used to provoke their consumers to allocate sweets and renew their business relationship with them. There were fairs and festivities allover and gradually Poila Boishakh became a day of celebration.
The #Bengali New Year begins at dawn, and the day is marked with singing, processions, and fairs. Traditionally, businesses start this day with a new ledger, clearing out the old.
- 5 days ago
#Calcutta is home to one of the world’s finest existing specimens of British imperial architecture as well as one the highest concentration of artists, poets and writers around the world. The showpiece capital of western imperialism in the so-called Orient, descendants of the fortune-seekers and refugees who arrived in Calcutta during its heydays in the 18th and 19th centuries, from all parts of the globe - from Afghans, Armenians, Burmese, Chinese, Danes, Dutch, English, Flemish, French, Greek, Irish, Jews from Baghdad and Kabul, Portuguese, Scots and Swedes, immigrants from every corner of India, not to mention the indigenous Bengali community are conspicuous in its cosmopolitan cultural fabric.
Visitors to #cCalcutta, after they have overcome the initial shock much the same way they do in any other large city, find the city enchanting in its beauty, whose citizens hold the arts in higher esteem over economics. This is a city of art galleries, music festivals, theater, cinema and book fairs. The best large city in Asia for walkers, history comes walking down its streets, lined with old mansions, many covered in moss and mildew, where no visitor is turned back without an offer to share the meal, bazaars specializing in either special wares or qualified by the community of merchants that populated them and a myriad temples, mosques, churches and synagogues that tell the tale of largely peaceful coexistence over the centuries. And, by the way, street vendors and the homeless, bring the same boons and banes that their brethren do in Battery Park, Hyde Park and Ginza. Visitors who stay longer, run the risk of addiction to Calcutta’s notions of freedom of speech and turn into chronic visitors or residents. Here, all opinions are respected (one gentleman has been proclaiming for several years, via graffiti and handouts, based on some mathematical basis, that the sun revolves around the earth in 365 days, and has not been sent for a mental evaluation yet) and animated discussions over endless cups of fine Darjeeling, on any topic under the sun or beyond, are discussed for hours, often for no reason beyond the sake of debate.
Peaceful co-existence; heritage and modern fleets
Ever since the first #tram which rolled out in the tracks way back in Feb 24th #1873 this sturdy built electrically driven carriage has gone through the wears & tears with the ravages of time, carving out our golden phases of history. Braving out the illustrious moments of our Indian freedom struggle, World wars, #Kolkata tram had come a long way and still its wheel continue to pave its way as a rail witness of the present era and hopefully for the future too. Having nurtured the rich heritage of this city of joy, kolkatan tramway has itself turned into an unique heritage of its own with a different essence.
Pic 1. Red Road as it’s seen inside a typical Yellow Cab in Calcutta.
Pic 2. Modernized CTC tram and Bus at Esplanade